Surgical Options

Preanesthetic Bloodwork

At Coaldale Pet Clinic, we offer preanesthetic bloodwork as an option with surgeries. Preanesthetic bloodwork helps us to see how the internal organs are functioning, specifically the liver and kidneys, as it is these organs that get rid of the anesthetic from the body. The bloodwork is a pre-surgery screening test to ensure that the organs are healthy enough to undergo general anesthesia and surgery. In young and healthy animals, the bloodwork is not mandatory, but is strongly recommended. However, in sick and senior pets (over the age of 7), the preanesthetic bloodwork may be required at the veterinarians discretion.

IV Fluids

IV (intravenous) fluids are offered as an option with all surgeries. IV fluids help us to maintain bloodpressure throughout the surgery, as well as to flush the anesthetic from your pet’s body faster than if your pet had to do it on its own. IV fluids are not mandatory in young and healthy pets, but are strongly recommended. All pets undergoing a major surgery receive an IV catheter, which gives us access to their bloodstream in case of an emergency. Should an emergency occur, or if the pet’s bloodpressure drops below a safe range, fluids are automatically started. IV fluids are included in the price of all dentistries, and are required with surgeries in sick and senior pets.

Spay

The spay procedure, otherwise known as ovariohysterectomy, involves the surgical removal of the ovaries and the uterus in the female pet. An ovariohysterectomy is a major abdominal surgery that requires general anesthesia and sterile operating techniques. This surgery is recommended around 6 months of age before the first heat period, which dramatically reduces the risk of mammary gland cancer. Spaying your pet will also eliminate the risk of unwanted puppies or kittens, as well as life-threatening uterus infections in older pets.

Prior to the procedure, your pet will be given a complete physical examination to help ensure it’s safety during anesthesia and surgery. The procedure is performed under general anesthetic, and recovery is usually uneventful. Homecare is minimal, but activity must be kept to a minimum for 7 days to ensure normal healing. Owners also need to monitor for depression, lethargy, swelling/redness or oozing of the incision, and care must be taken to ensure the pet is not licking at its incision.

Neuter

Neutering, otherwise known as castration, involves the surgical removal of the testicles. Neutering your male pet will eliminate sexual activities and render him sterile, as well as it reduces the risk of testicular and prostate disease. It is recommended around 6 months of age, prior to puberty. If performed before male dogs enter puberty, it eliminates the urge to lift the leg and mark objects with urine. Neutering male cats reduces the strong urine odour as well as roaming, fighting and urine spraying.

Prior to the procedure, your pet will be given a complete physical examination to help ensure it’s safety during anesthesia and surgery. The procedure is performed under general anesthetic, and recovery is usually uneventful. Homecare is minimal, but activity must be kept to a minimum for 7 days to ensure normal healing. Owners also need to monitor for depression, lethargy, swelling/redness or oozing of the incision, and care must be taken to ensure the pet is not licking at its incision.

Dentistry

Pets need dental work too! Much the same as in humans, bacteria in the mouth of our pets use calcium from the food they eat to make plaque, which eventually turns to tartar. Tartar is a bacteria-laden, cement-like material that attaches on the teeth and underneath the gumlines causing tooth decay and gingivitis. Once there, tartar can only be removed by performing a dental cleaning. Unlike humans, however, our pets need to be put under general anesthetic to perform a dental cleaning because they won’t voluntarily hold their mouths open for it! The cleaning includes scaling and polishing of the teeth, a complete dental exam and charting, extractions of teeth as required and IV fluids throughout the procedure. We also offer nutritional and cleaning aids to promote oral health, help reduce the frequency of required cleanings and to aid in the prevention of extractions. Talk to a member of our team if you want to learn more about your pet’s oral health.